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Rhinotracheitis is cause by a herpes virus and causes upper respiratory tract infections (sneezing, fever, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, eye discharge, anorexia and dehydration). Like many herpes virus infections the symptoms can reoccur throughout the lifetime of the cat when the cat is stressed or its immune system is weakened. The vaccine decreases severity of the disease but does not prevent infection.
Calicivirus is a highly contagious virus that causes upper respiratory tract infections sneezing, fever, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, ocular discharge, anorexia and dehydration). The vaccine decreases severity of the disease but does not prevent the infection.
Panleukopenia (also known as feline distemper) is a disease that is caused by parvovirus. This virus causes a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (bloody diarrhea and vomiting), fever, anorexia and dehydration in kittens. The most severe and important feline infectious disease.
Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium that causes a chronic respiratory infection characterized by conjunctivitis and mild upper respiratory disease. The vaccine decreases severity of the disease but does not prevent infection.
Feline Leukemia is a retrovirus (similar to HIV) that causes the immune system to fail and a neoplastic (cancer) disease. All body systems can be affected.
FIV or Feline Immuodeficiency Virus is a retrovirus that causes the immune system to fail. It ends up affecting many body systems including the kidneys and the brain. The vaccine carries three of the five strains and animals who have been vaccinated will always test positive for the disease. Animals must be tested for FIV prior to being vaccinated as you will not know after the vaccination if the feline has contracted the disease or if it is from the vaccination.
***It is important to notify shelters if your animal goes missing and has been vaccinated for FIV as SOME shelters do euthanize animals that test positive for the disease. Individual doctors have different opinions on this vaccination. You should discuss this vaccine with your own veterinarian. ***
Rabies is the final vaccination available for felines. Rabies is a virus that causes significant neurological change, excessive salivation, and paralysis and is always FATAL. It is transmissible to humans. It is spread from bites inflicted by infected wildlife (bats, raccoons, skunk, foxes, etc) or any other species which have become infected with the disease. ALL animals should be vaccinated for rabies due to the severity of human health risk. The only way to test if an animal has rabies is to perform a post-mortem on the brain. PREVENTION is the way to go with this one. Even if rabies is suspected the food inspection agency will require quarantine for up to six months. If the animal is up to date on vaccination the chances of that animal contracting the disease is extremely rare.